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Use of Reasonable Force in Alternative Provision and Special Schools

Research (published March 2024) on how alternative provision (AP) and special schools in England currently use reasonable force, including physical restraint and other restrictive practices.

This report summarises the findings from qualitative research that looked at:

• schools’ policies on using reasonable force

• how schools engage with the use of reasonable force in schools guidance

• staff training in physical restraint and restrictive practices

• what methods schools use to minimise the need to use reasonable force

• how schools record and report their use of reasonable force

The research involved interviews with school leaders and staff from 45 special and alternative provision schools.

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